Window Terminology Guide: Introducing Window Terms from Universal Windows Direct

Hello friends!

If you're anything like me then you've started a new job in a new industry and felt like everyone was talking a different language.   It's no different when you're shopping for something you've never shopped for before.

What kind of window is it?  A crank out?

What is the difference between a bay window and a bow window?

Argon or Krypton?

What does glazing mean?

Don't let a window salesmen overwhelm you with technology, terms and details.   Check out this easy to understand glossary of window terms and help get yourself to a place where you feel comfortable.

Did I miss anything?  ( I bet I did!)  Let me know!

To schedule your free consultation on replacement windows, siding, or doors from Universal Windows Direct, contact us today!

 

Window Terminology Guide: Introducing Window Terms from Universal Windows Direct

Hello friends!

If you're anything like me then you've started a new job in a new industry and felt like everyone was talking a different language.   It's no different when you're shopping for something you've never shopped for before.

What kind of window is it?  A crank out?

What is the difference between a bay window and a bow window?

Argon or Krypton?

What does glazing mean?

Don't let a window salesmen overwhelm you with technology, terms and details.   Check out this easy to understand glossary of window terms and help get yourself to a place where you feel comfortable.

Did I miss anything?  ( I bet I did!)  Let me know!

To schedule your free consultation on replacement windows, siding, or doors from Universal Windows Direct, contact us today!

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "A"

Air Chambers

Spaces built into a window frame that makes the window stronger and more energy efficient.  UniShield windows offer a foam fill in the air chambers for additional insulation.

Air Infiltration

Measures how much air can get through a window or door.   The lower the number, the better.

Aluminum Spacer

A window spacing option used in lower end windows.  Tends to conduct temperatures more from the outside to the inside and generally comes with a lower warranty.

Argon Gas

Common window insulator.  It is nontoxic, colorless, odorless and tasteless gas.  It is 6 times denser than air, and drastically reduces heat loss between the panes of glass.

Awning Window

Window style commonly used in basements, porches and spaces close to the ceiling.  Window operates like a  casement except  it is hinged at the top and always swings out.

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "B"

Balance

A mechanical device (normally spring-loaded) used in single- and double-hung windows as a means of counterbalancing the weight of the sash during opening and closing.  UniShield windows come with a true balance system, and no weights for a cleaner look and for consistent performance.

Bay Window

An arrangement of three or more individual window units, attached so as to project from the building at various angles. In a three-unit bay, the center section is normally fixed, with the end panels operable as double-hung or casement windows.

Bow Window

A rounded bay window with 5 or more sashes – often all of them open.

Building Permit

A requirement in most cities to ensure the installation meets state building code requirements.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "C"

Casement

A window sash that swings open on side hinges.  Commonly referred to as a “Crank out”.

Caulking

A mastic compound for filling joints and sealing cracks to prevent leakage of water and air.   Caulking is typically used on the outside of your window during an install.

Condensation

The deposit of water vapor from the air on any cold surface whose temperature is below the dew point, such as a cold window glass or frame that is exposed to humid indoor air.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "D"

Double Casement

Style of window where two individual casements are mulled together.

Double glazing

In general, two panes of glass separated by a spacer and air space within an opening to improve insulation against heat transfer and/or sound transmission. In factory-made double glazing units, the air between the glass sheets is thoroughly dried and the space is sealed airtight, eliminating possible condensation and providing superior insulating properties.

Double-hung window

A window consisting of two sashes operating in a rectangular frame, in which both the upper and lower halves can be slid up and down.  Sashes also tilt in for easy cleaning. A counterbalance mechanism usually holds the sash in place.

Double pane glass

Two panes of glass separated by a window spacer, creating the sash of the window.  UniShield replacement windows come in double pane and triple pane options.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "E"

Egress Window

Is a law that specifies that a window opening must be able to open wide enough for a person to get out or a firefighter to get in.    MN requires egress windows in every room used as a bedroom.

Energy Star

ENERGY STAR is a government-backed program helping businesses and individuals protect the environment through superior energy efficiency.

Exterior Stop

The removable part of the window that holds the glass or panel in place when looking at the window from the outside.   Also called outside stops.

Exterior Wrap

Finishing option where the outside of the window and the exterior stops are wrapped in aluminum.   Wrap may be smooth or textured and comes in a variety of colors to add visual interest to the room.

Extrusion

The process of producing vinyl shapes by forcing heated material through an orifice in a die.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "F"

Factory Direct Pricing

Reduced cost pricing where you don’t pay any middle man markups on your product.   When the vinyl windows pass from the factory directly to the person you buy them from, you save money.

Fire Code

City or State Code that define requirements needed to keep a family safe from fire.

Fixed Panel

The side  of a sliding window or slider glass door that doesn’t move.

Fixed Window

A window that doesn’t open.  Also called a picture window.

Float Glass

Glass formed by a process of floating the material on a bed of molten metal. It produces a high-optical-quality glass with parallel surfaces, without polishing and grinding.  Makes the finished product very easy to clean.  This is a feature on the UniShield Window

Foam Fill

An option on the UniShield window where insulation is blown into the air chambers of the window frame, providing even more insulation.   Perfect for a climate like MN where every bit of insulation counts.

Fogging

A deposit of contamination left on the inside surface of a sealed insulating glass unit due to extremes of temperatures or failed seals.

Frame

The outer part of the window that holds the sash or casement as well as hardware.

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "G"

Garden Window

A window type that is 3 dimensional and projects from the exterior wall.  Usually there is glass on all sides except the bottom.   Generally used in kitchens or spaces looking for more light.   Also called a Greenhouse window.

Gas Fill

Term given to describe how the space between the panes of glass are insulated.   Usually argon or krypton is used in windows and patio doors.

Glass

An inorganic transparent material composed of silica (sand), soda (sodium carbonate), and lime (calcium carbonate) with small quantities of alumina, boric, or magnesia oxides.   Technical, right?   Glass is why we can see through the window.

Greenhouse Window

A window type that is 3 dimensional and projects from the exterior wall.  Usually there is glass on all sides except the bottom.   Generally used in kitchens or spaces looking for more light.   Also called a Garden window.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "H"

Heat Gain

The transfer of heat from outside to inside by means of conduction, convection, and radiation through all surfaces of a house.  Reducing this makes your home more energy efficient.

Heat Loss

The transfer of heat from inside to outside by means of conduction, convection, and radiation through all surfaces of a house.  Reducing this makes your home more energy efficient.

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "I"

Insert Window

A window that does not require altering the opening of the home, or re-framing the window space.   Insert windows are installed in the existing opening as is and then re-insulated.   Also referred to as “pocket” windows or “replacement windows”

Insulating Glass Unit

Two or more panes of glass separated by a spacer and hermetically sealed to form a single glazed unit with one or more air spaces in between.

Insulating Value

See U-factor.

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "J"

Jamb

A vertical member at the side of a window frame, or the horizontal member at the top of the window frame, as in head jamb.  Jambs  are generally untouched in a insert window replacement.

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "K"

Krypton

An inert, nontoxic gas used in insulating windows to reduce heat transfer.  Krypton is more dense than argon and therefore provides an even higher insulating value to windows.   UniShield windows offer Krypton gas as an upgrade in both double pane and triple pane replacement windows.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today!

 

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "L"

Lead Safe Practices

Installation practices required by the EPA in homes built before 1978 where lead paint is present.  The Lead Safe Practices work to contain the spread of harmful lead dust during the install.  Universal Windows Direct, MN has been certified by the EPA to perform lead safe work.

Low-Conductance Spacers

An assembly of materials designed to reduce heat transfer at the edge of an insulating window. Spacers are placed between the panes of glass in a double- or triple-glazed window.

Low-Emittance (Low-E) Coating

Metal or metallic oxide layers deposited on a window glazing surface primarily to reduce the U-factor.   Basically a sunscreen for your glass.  Protects your home from additional heat flow, and suppresses UV rays which can fade your curtains, furniture, artwork and rugs.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today!

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "M"

Maintenance Free

Term used frequently with vinyl windows.   There is no scraping, painting, staining, sanding or caulking required to keep the windows looking great.

Meeting Rail

The part of a sliding window, a sliding glass door, or a hung window where two panels meet, and create a weather barrier.

Metal Spacer

Spacer used in lower end windows.  Conducts heat and cold through the window and typically carries a lower warranty.

Mullion

A major structural vertical or horizontal member between window units.   UniShield windows can be factory mulled, or mulled in the field.

Muntin

Another word for “Grids”.   A decorative window option that gives the appearance of a multilight sash, but in a single panel.  UniShield windows offer contoured and prairie style muntins – in either etched glass or in a color matching the interior finish.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today!

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "O"

Obscure Glass

Any textured glass (frosted, etched, fluted, ground, etc.) used for privacy, light diffusion, or decorative effects.   Commonly used in main floor bathroom windows.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today!

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "P-Q"

Painted Exteriors

Decorative option where the exterior vinyl is painted a different color than the rest of the window.   Adds architectural interest to a home.  Often used in townhome developments to match the existing colors.    UniShield Painted exteriors come with a warranty of 20 years against fading, chipping, blistering or peeling.

Pane

A single sheet of glass.   Single pane windows offer no insulating value.    Choose double pane or triple pane glass with argon or krypton for an energy efficient window.

Permit

City requirement often required for replacement or new construction windows.   Generally requires an in home inspection after the install to ensure all building and fire code requirements are met.

Picture Window

A window  that does not open.   Typically used in spaces that highlight a beautiful view, or where additional light is desired.

Pocket Window

A window that does not require altering the opening of the home, or re-framing the window space.   Insert windows are installed in the existing opening as is and then re-insulated.   Also referred to as “insert” windows or “replacement windows”

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today!

 

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "R"

R-Value

Measures the resistance of a product to heat flow.  A high-R-value window has a greater resistance to heat flow and a higher insulating value than one with a low R-value.

Retrofitting

Adding or replacing items on existing buildings. Typical retrofit products are replacement windows and doors, insulation, storm windows, caulking, weather-stripping, vents, landscaping.

Rough Opening

The opening in a wall into which a door or window is to be installed.

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today

Window Terminology: Window Terms Starting with "S"

Safety Glass

A strengthened or reinforced glass that is less subject to breakage or splintering.  Also called tempered glass.

Sash

The portion of a window that you open and close.

Screen

Woven mesh of metal, plastic, or fiberglass stretched over a window opening to permit air to pass through, but not insects.  Screens come standard with UniShield windows.

Sealant

A compressible plastic material used to seal any opening or junction of two parts, such as between the glass and a vinyl sash, commonly made of silicone, butyl tape, or polysulfide.

Sill

The ledge on the front of the interior of the window

Single-Hung Window

A window consisting of two sashes of glass but only the bottom sash opens.  The top sash always stays stationary and cannot be opened for air flow

Sliding Glass Door

A door fitted with one or more panels that move on rollers horizontally on a track and/or in grooves.  Also called a patio door.

Sliding Window / Slider window

A window fitted with one or more sashes opening by sliding horizontally.

Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)

The fraction of solar radiation admitted through a window or skylight, both directly transmitted, and absorbed and subsequently released inward. The solar heat gain coefficient has replaced the shading coefficient as the standard indicator of a window's shading ability. It is expressed as a number between 0 and 1. The lower a window's solar heat gain coefficient, the less solar heat it transmits, and the greater its shading ability. SHGC can be expressed in terms of the glass alone or can refer to the entire window assembly.

Super Spacer

Glass spacing system made of a structural foam that keeps the edge of the glass warmer.   The foam does not transmit heat or cold through the window, and it is flexible enough to move with the entire glass package allowing the seal to hold significantly longer than metal or aluminum spacers.

 

For more information on window terminology, and to get your free quote on replacement windows from Universal Windows Direct, MN contact us today